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发动机积碳对车辆的危害有哪些?

来源:http://www.sdrunao.com/ 发布时间:2020-04-06   发布人:admin
  汽车运行一段时间后,燃油系统将形成一定的沉淀物,任何引擎使用可能产生碳积累,碳积累光线不会影响发动机的正常运行,但严重的会导致发动机功率下降,增加燃料消耗和增加排气污染物排放和一系列的问题。那么如何防止碳沉积,如何清理呢?
  After a period of operation, the fuel system will form a certain amount of sediment. Any engine may produce carbon accumulation. The light of carbon accumulation will not affect the normal operation of the engine, but it will seriously lead to engine power reduction, increase fuel consumption and exhaust pollutant emissions and a series of problems. So how to prevent carbon deposition, how to clean it?
  结构损伤:
  Structural damage:
  气缸内燃烧室的各种结构是积碳的主要部分,包括活塞的顶部、火花塞、喷油器、进排气阀、进气管的气缸进口。
  Various structures of the combustion chamber in the cylinder are the main parts of carbon deposition, including the top of the piston, spark plug, fuel injector, intake and exhaust valve, and the cylinder inlet of the intake pipe.
  造成的功率下降的主要原因地重新汇聚起来的碳包括:火花塞的碳积累降低了点火能力或点火失败,原因造成的压降油缸泄漏(阀和活塞),等等,在大负载的情况下更加明显或低速度。
  The main reasons for the power reduction are: the carbon accumulation of spark plug reduces the ignition ability or ignition failure, the leakage of pressure drop cylinder (valve and piston), etc., which is more obvious or low speed under the condition of large load.
  电力的下降伴随着一定程度的燃料消耗的增加,因为需要更大的油门开度和更多的燃料供应来实现与碳冲击之前相同的电力。因此,应检查气瓶中是否存在碳积累,以查明燃料消耗是否无故增加。
  The drop in electricity is accompanied by a certain increase in fuel consumption, as greater throttle opening and more fuel supply are needed to achieve the same electricity as before the carbon shock. Therefore, it is necessary to check whether there is carbon accumulation in the cylinder to find out whether the fuel consumption increases without reason.
  排放量的增加通常是在每年的汽车检查中发现的。目前只检测一氧化碳、碳氢化合物和氮氧化物,当碳沉积时,这三种指标都可能上升或超过极限。这种变化可能发生在电力下降和石油消耗增加之前。
  The increase in emissions is usually found in annual car inspections. At present, only carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides are detected. When carbon deposits, all three indicators may rise or exceed the limit. The change could come before electricity declines and oil consumption increases.
  燃烧室火花塞头部容易形成积炭。取下火花塞,观察电极段是否有积碳和积碳水平。如果是直喷式发动机,也可以拆下喷嘴进行检查。
  It is easy to form carbon deposit on the head of spark plug in combustion chamber. Remove the spark plug and observe whether there is carbon deposition and carbon deposition level in the electrode section. In case of direct injection engine, the nozzle can also be removed for inspection.
  一般需要在行驶5000公里时更换机油。油的发黑主要是由活塞不断向下悬挂在气缸壁上的碳颗粒溶解而形成的,所以观察油的颜色也可以确定碳的积累。如果8000公里内机油颜色不太深(黑色),说明发动机不容易积炭,则将换油时间延长至8000 - 10000公里。我在10000英里(更多的城市英里)和15000英里(更多的英里)之间换油。
  Generally, it is necessary to change the oil when driving 5000 km. The blackening of the oil is mainly caused by the dissolution of carbon particles that the piston constantly hangs down on the cylinder wall, so observing the color of the oil can also determine the carbon accumulation. If the oil color is not too dark (black) within 8000 km, it means that the engine is not easy to accumulate carbon, then the oil change time will be extended to 8000 - 10000 km. I change between 10000 miles (more city miles) and 15000 miles (more miles).
济南奥迪专修
  不知道是否有这种专门的积碳检测设备,事实上,安装在支架上的针孔摄像机可以通过火花塞孔看到燃烧室。内窥镜可直接检查整个燃烧室和气缸,无需拆卸发动机,及时清除积炭。这种方法是用来检查燃烧室内定期谁希望做汽车维修司机。它不仅简单,而且可以在不拆卸发动机的情况下,快速地去除较少的积炭,从而避免了不良后果。
  I don't know if there is such a special carbon deposition detection device. In fact, the pinhole camera installed on the bracket can see the combustion chamber through the spark plug hole. The endoscope can directly check the whole combustion chamber and cylinder without disassembling the engine and removing the carbon deposit in time. This method is used to check the combustion chamber on a regular basis who wants to be a car maintenance driver. It is not only simple, but also can quickly remove less carbon deposit without removing the engine, thus avoiding the adverse consequences.
  在一个典型的汽车修理厂,不需要拆卸发动机,就可以清洗和清除气缸盖内的积炭。
  In a typical car repair shop, the carbon deposits in the cylinder head can be cleaned and removed without removing the engine.
  在加油站购买的汽油清洁器声称可以清除油路中的杂质,并在喷嘴处储存碳。关于这种做法的效果以及是否会带来其他后果,人们有不同的看法。建议专业部门进行相应的实验研究。
  Gasoline cleaners purchased at gas stations claim to remove impurities from the fuel lines and store carbon at the nozzles. There are different views on the effect of this approach and whether it will have other consequences. It is suggested that professional departments should carry out corresponding experimental research.
  在发动机大修时,可以用清洁剂、超声波等方法去除零件上的碳。优点是清洁积碳彻底、彻底,缺点是需要拆卸发动机,耗时长,也可能由于重新组装过程中遗漏。如果你不确定发动机是否有明显的积炭,不要轻易这样做。
  During engine overhaul, the carbon on the parts can be removed by cleaning agent, ultrasonic and other methods. The advantage is that the cleaning and carbon deposition are thorough and thorough. The disadvantage is that the engine needs to be disassembled, which takes a long time and may be missed during reassembly. If you are not sure whether the engine has obvious carbon deposit, do not do so easily.
  正确的发动汽车的方法,往往是对发动机做保养,可以减少发动机碳的形成。开车时一定要照顾好自己的车辆,如果长时间处于恶劣的环境中只会造成车辆提前上路。
  The right way to start a car is often to maintain the engine, which can reduce the formation of engine carbon. When driving, you must take good care of your vehicle. If you are in a bad environment for a long time, it will only cause the vehicle to go on the road ahead of time.
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