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汽车刹车失灵的紧急处理方法

来源:http://www.sdrunao.com/ 发布时间:2020-06-18   发布人:admin
1、利用发动机制动配合手刹
1. Use engine brake to match hand brake
①自动挡车型:当发现车辆刹车失灵时,先松开油门踏板,将档位挂到手动挡上从高档位依次降到低档位,其中,自动挡车型一般都没有手动挡车型降档的制动效果这么明显,有些车型也会为了保护变速箱而禁止自动变速箱降档,所以应每降一档配合手刹降低速度再依次降低档位,同样的,拉手刹时应按住解刹按钮,连续一下一下的拉手刹,并且不能拉死,电子手刹也是如此,拉起后按下,直到车辆停下来挂到停车挡。
① Automatic gear model: when the vehicle brake fails, first release the accelerator pedal, and then shift the gear to the manual gear, and then lower it from the high gear to the low gear. In general, the automatic gear model does not have such obvious braking effect as the manual gear model. Some models also prohibit the automatic gearbox downshift in order to protect the gearbox, so each downshift should be matched with the hand brake to reduce the speed Then lower the gear in turn. Similarly, when you pull the handbrake, you should press and hold the release button. You can pull the handbrake continuously for a while, but you can't pull it. The same is true for the electronic handbrake. Press it after you pull it up until the vehicle stops and puts it in the parking gear.
②手动挡车型:当手动挡的车型发现刹车失灵时,先松开油门踏板,通过踩住离合器依次连续的降档,这样会使发动机产生牵引力,通过发动机的牵引力对车辆的驱动轮产生制动效果,当档位降到1档时,配合手刹减速,注意,拉手刹时应按住解刹按钮,连续一下一下的拉手刹,并且不能拉死,否则这样很容易使后轮抱死,从而导致车辆再次失控。
② Manual gear model: when the brake of the manual gear model is found to be out of order, release the accelerator pedal first, step on the clutch to continuously downshift, which will generate traction for the engine, and produce braking effect on the driving wheel of the vehicle through the traction of the engine. When the gear is downshifted to the first gear, cooperate with the handbrake to slow down. Note that when the handbrake is pulled, press and hold the release button, one after another continuously Pull the handbrake down, and do not pull it to the limit, otherwise it will easily lock the rear wheel, which will cause the vehicle to lose control again.
2、利用地势或紧急避险车道
2. Use of terrain or emergency escape Lane
如果是上面方法都没能停下来,那么就要打开车辆警示灯,鸣笛提醒前方车辆注意给你让道,并及时寻找合适路段进行减速,例如上坡路或者高速公路或连续下山路段设置的紧急避险车道。紧急避险车道在主车道右侧,很多公路在连续下山路段或者高速公路下坡路段都会设置,如果刹车失灵可以尝试进入紧急避险车道,车道有沙石来帮助减速。
If none of the above methods can stop, turn on the vehicle warning light, sound the whistle to remind the vehicle ahead to make way for you, and find the appropriate road section to slow down in time, such as the emergency escape Lane set up on the uphill road or expressway or continuous downhill section. The emergency escape lane is on the right side of the main lane, and many highways will be set in the continuous downhill section or downhill section of the highway. If the brake fails, you can try to enter the emergency escape lane, and the lane has gravel to help slow down.
3、利用路边障碍物
3. Use of roadside obstacles
如果以上方法都不适用,只能考虑利用路边的障碍物来降低车速了,当然这是迫不得已的方法,因为不仅危险,而且会损坏所开的车辆。如果车右侧有山壁或者高速公路护栏,将车方向慢慢开向路边,两手抓紧方向盘,蹭向山壁或护栏。
If none of the above methods are applicable, only the roadside obstacles can be considered to reduce the speed of the vehicle. Of course, this is the inevitable method, because it is not only dangerous, but also will damage the driving vehicle. If there is a mountain wall or highway guardrail on the right side of the vehicle, drive the vehicle slowly to the roadside, grasp the steering wheel with both hands, and rub against the mountain wall or guardrail.
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