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香烟在汽车中会有哪些妙用?

来源:http://www.sdrunao.com/ 发布时间:2020-04-08   发布人:admin
  香烟不但可以用来诊断故障,而且还可以利用它在受条件限制或任务特别紧急的情况下来临时应急。
  Cigarettes can not only be used to diagnose faults, but also can be used to make temporary emergency response when conditions are limited or tasks are particularly urgent.
  检查气门密封性
  Check valve tightness
  可用吹烟法检查气门与气门座的密封性。把研磨好的气门洗净并按顺序放入气门导管内,用手或合适的工具(如螺丝刀杆)顶住气门,然后吸一口烟,向已经洗净的进气岐管口和排气岐管口吹烟,以嘴贴合岐管口不泄漏为原则。同时观看气门与气门座之间是否有烟冒出来,如没有烟冒出,则说明该气门密封性良好,否则应重新研磨。
  The airtightness of valve and valve seat can be checked by blowing. Clean the ground valve and put it into the valve guide in order. Use your hand or a suitable tool (such as a screwdriver rod) to counter the valve. Then take a breath of smoke and blow the smoke to the cleaned intake manifold and exhaust manifold. The principle is that the nozzle fits the manifold without leakage. At the same time, check whether there is smoke coming out between the valve and the valve seat. If there is no smoke coming out, it means that the valve has good sealing performance, otherwise, it should be grinded again.
  检查油路、气道是否畅通
  Check whether the oil way and air way are smooth
  可用吹烟法检查化油器各油道是否畅通。化油器的油路、真空管路较多,特别是进口化油器,通常在清洗化油器后需要用压缩气体吹通,但到底哪些油道或真空气道真正吹通了,操作者很难判断,而且因此造成返修的现象也不少。如果用吹烟法则可十分容易地搞清每一条油路或气道是否畅通。
  The method of blowing smoke can be used to check whether each oil passage of carburetor is smooth. There are many oil and vacuum pipelines in the carburetor, especially the imported carburetor, usually need to be blown through with compressed gas after cleaning the carburetor. However, it is difficult for the operator to judge which oil or vacuum pipelines are really blown through, and there are many repair phenomena. It is very easy to find out whether every oil way or air way is unblocked by using smoke blowing law.
  例如,一化油器车无怠速,把化油器拆开洗净,并用气体吹干、吹通后,用一根软管(如真空分电器提前管)吹烟,先从怠速油量孔,再到怠速空气孔,最后烟雾从化油器怠速混合气调整螺丝处漏出,才算怠速油道和空气道畅通,否则应再重新检查,直到冒出烟雾为止。
  For example, if a carburetor car does not have idle speed, disassemble and clean the carburetor, dry and blow through the carburetor with gas, blow out the smoke with a hose (such as the advance pipe of the vacuum distributor), first from the idle oil metering hole, then to the idle air hole, and finally the smoke leaks from the adjusting screw of the carburetor idle gas mixture, then the idle oil passage and air passage are smooth, otherwise, recheck it until the smoke is emitted Stop.
  同样,还可用吹烟法检查变速器、后桥壳、转向器壳上的通气孔和发动机曲轴箱气体单向阀(PCV)是否畅通,然后根据情况给予检修或更换。以上这些部件如果堵塞,将会使内压升高,容易导致各相关部位漏油而导致故障。
  In the same way, the vent holes on the transmission, rear axle housing, steering gear housing and engine crankcase gas check valve (PCV) can also be checked by blowing smoke, and then they can be repaired or replaced according to the situation. If the above components are blocked, the internal pressure will rise, which is easy to cause oil leakage at relevant parts and lead to failure.
  烟灰可作研磨剂香烟灰是一种较好的研磨剂
  Cigarette ash can be used as abrasives cigarette ash is a better abrasives
  在修理汽车化油器,特别是进口汽车的化油器,常常会遇到三角针阀磨损而且不容易买到,这时可用香烟灰配点机油作为研磨剂,对三角针和三角针阀座进行研磨,将会取得较为满意的效果。
  When repairing carburetor of automobile, especially carburetor of imported automobile, we often encounter wear of triangle needle valve and it is not easy to buy. At this time, we can use cigarette ash with point oil as abrasives to grind triangle needle and triangle needle valve seat, which will achieve satisfactory results.
济南宝马专修
  烟丝可堵漏
  Tobacco can stop leakage
  在行车途中如果遇到水箱漏水可用烟丝来临时应急。首先用手钳将水箱漏水较大的散热片夹扁,然后拧开水箱加水口盖,同时拆下节温器(以防堵塞),接着将烟丝揉碎,从加水口处入水箱中,最后起动发动机,分别用低、中、高速运转,这样放入的烟丝就会被吸附在水箱芯管漏水处。当察看到水箱漏水被堵住后,盖好加水口盖,即可行驶。但需要注意的是这只能是用作应急,回场后应用高压水清洗并彻底焊修水箱。
  In case of water leakage in the water tank during driving, the tobacco can be used for emergency. First, clamp the radiator with large water leakage in the water tank with a pair of pliers, then unscrew the water filler cap of the water tank, remove the thermostat (to prevent blocking), then crush the cut tobacco, put it into the water tank from the water filler, finally start the engine, and run it with low, medium and high speed respectively, so that the cut tobacco will be absorbed in the water leakage of the core pipe of the water tank. When you see that the water leakage of the water tank is blocked, cover the water filler cap and drive. However, it should be noted that this can only be used as an emergency. After returning to the site, the water tank should be cleaned with high-pressure water and thoroughly welded.
  除此之外,还可用烟丝来临时应急于局部的小面积流血。从事汽修工作,划破点皮肉、流点血并不算稀奇。流血后,如果用干净的香烟丝对伤口进行敷盖,能起到临时止血和镇痛的作用。
  In addition, can also be used when the arrival of tobacco should be eager to local small area bleeding. It's not uncommon to be engaged in automobile repair work, cut skin and flesh and shed blood. After bleeding, if the wound is covered with clean cigarette silk, it can temporarily stop bleeding and relieve pain.
  过滤嘴可用作润滑毛毡
  Filter tip can be used as lubricating felt
  用香烟的过滤嘴可临时代替分电器凸轮上的润滑毛毡。首先将香烟头上的过滤嘴剥去外面的纸,将适量的过滤嘴丝塞进原毛毡金属夹内(注意不可过紧或过松),露出多余的部分可用剪刀剪齐,然后在代用毛毡(即丝絮)上滴几滴机油即可。
  The filter tip of the cigarette can temporarily replace the lubricating felt on the cam of the distributor. First, peel off the paper outside the filter tip on the cigarette head, insert a proper amount of filter tip wire into the original felt metal clip (pay attention not to be too tight or too loose), cut the exposed part with scissors, and then drop a few drops of oil on the substitute felt (i.e. silk wadding).
  但操作时应注意以下几点:
  However, the following points shall be noted during operation:
  要使用过滤嘴香烟,如用不带过滤嘴的香烟,烟丝有可能被吹入零件内部;吸烟时应注意安全防火,同时要防止烟灰散入精密运动副中。
  Filter cigarettes shall be used. If cigarettes without filter are used, the cut tobacco may be blown into the parts. When smoking, pay attention to safety and fire prevention, and prevent the ash from scattering into the precision motion pairs.
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